How to Dye Fabric: Rit All-Purpose Dye

With rit all-purpose Dye you can dye fabrics containing natural fibers like Cotton linen wool or silk and also Rayon and Nylon I’m going to dye samples of a bunch of different fabrics and see what happens. Pre-Wash the fabric to remove any finishes, so the dye will absorb better. Use enough water so the fabric can move around freely The hotter the water the better, so use really hot tap water or heat the water until it’s almost boiling. From here you can use the stove top method where you keep the dye bath on a low simmer throughout which will get the darkest richest colors or you can dye in a container or a stainless steel sink. I’m dyeing the samples in two batches because some of the fabric like salt added and some likes vinegar instead.

Shake the Dye well and add it to the water. as a general guideline for every pound of fabric use half a bottle of liquid dye or one package of powdered dye in three gallons of water To get dark or saturated colors double the amount of dye. I’m using half a cup and each to get a very saturated purple Add salt to the dye bath for Cotton linen and Rayon fabrics or add vinegar for silk wool and Nylon fabrics I’m adding about half a cup of each, but add more for larger projects Stir well Put the wet fabric in the dye bath. In the salt dye bath, I’m putting in bleached and unbleached Muslin 100% Cotton broadcloth and two different poly cotton blends Natural canvas Cotton Jersey Scrim Chintz Irish Linen Rayon Challis Natural burlap white Sultana Burlap and Polyester Gabardine In the Vinegar Dye bath, I’m putting in silk Chiffon silk Organza silk habutae silk Shantung 100% wool felt Rayon Wool Blend felt coated Nylon Oxford fabric Nylon stretch lace Nylon Crystal Organza and Nylon Glitz Sequins Stir continuously for anywhere between 15 minutes to an hour Take it out sooner for lighter colors or leave it in longer for Darker colors Make sure the dye is getting to all parts of the fabric.

So it won’t be splotchy here’s a couple tips for Dyeing: Wear gloves whenever handling the Dye and cover any surfaces that need protection before starting Dryclean only and fabrics that can’t withstand heat shouldn’t be dyed, but if you want to try test out a small piece first Keep in mind that most clothing is made of polyester thread which won’t die with rit all-purpose die Dyeing white fabrics has the best results you can dye other colors, but the original color may affect the outcome You can use rich color remover first to get rid of as much color as possible Remove the fabric from the dye bath when it reaches your desired color keep in mind Fabric looks Darker when wet We suggest using Rit Colorstay fixative before rinsing to increase color retention and reduce bleeding For small projects you can spray the fixative directly on the fabric until saturated or for larger items mix it in a water bath According to the instructions on the bottle.

Let it sit for 20 minutes Rinse the Fabric with warm water, then cooler water until it runs clear And finally hand wash or machine wash with warm water and air dry or tumble dry with an old towel. .

LINEN – Making Linen Fabric from Flax Seed – Demonstration Of How Linen Is Made

Hello, my name is Colm Clarke, and I’ve lived in the Carrigans area of County Donegal for most of my life. And I’ve worked in the flax and linen industry up until 1955 Last year, here at the Monreagh Heritage Centre in County Donegal, we decided to film the process of producing linen. There are six steps in the process. Step 1: we sow the flax seed in April. Step 2: the flax plant grows to full height after three months. Step 3: we pull it and put it in a dam to soak for 2 weeks. Step 4: Spread it and dry it on a grass field. It takes about ten days. Step 5: Plant is lifted and bundled together into ‘stooks’ for five days. Step 6: The sixth step of the process is by hand, ready for the mill to produce linen. Now we’re ready to sow the flax This is the flax we pulled the last day.

We’re going to take it and soak it now. You can soak it the Ulster Scots way or the English way. We can soak it or ‘steep’ it. The English word is ‘Rhett’ We’ll put it in now and ‘rhett’ it You put the stones on top to keep it down We keep it in here for 7 to eleven days. You then take it out and break it. And if it breaks ‘clean’ (the outer skin come off) it is ready for taking out and spreading…. and dry it on the grass green This is a band made of rushes The process we will do now is known as ‘stutching’ This would have been done like this up until the 1930s. This process that I have done is breaking the inside fibers of the plant It’s the inside fibers that give us pure linen This process is known as ‘crimping’ This breaks the fibers further down so that we can take it to the next process. This is the ‘brushing’ part that takes off the coarser part of the plant. That’s the finished product.

That is pure linen. In the modern mill this process was done with machinery. This product would now be sent to the linen mill to be turned into thread The spinning wheel was used in the 18th & 19th century to produce thread. This process was used before the big mills. This is an example of what was made in the 19th century Well, we hoped you enjoyed the film, and we would love to see you here at the Monreagh Heritage Centre in Carrigans, County Donegal, where I can give you a personal demonstration. .